Preventative care has been elusive for many people who are not quite sure what they are doing. It is easier to maintain certain parts of the body than it is others.

If you have developed an exercise routine and healthier eating habits, then you already know that it can only go so far to prevent or treat the more complicated illnesses and conditions.

There are times when you just cannot heal without professional medical intervention and care. Such is the case if you have a buildup of fats in your system.

Diet and exercise alone might prevent further fat from accumulating, but that alone will not eliminate the issues your body develops from that accumulation.

A blocked artery, for instance, requires delicate and immediate medical care. You might need a carotid stent to alleviate the problem.

Causes Of Artery Blockage

It is not fair to entirely blame only your poor eating choices and lack of exercise for your blockage. Your genetics also play a role in whether you develop a blockage.

In most instances, a blockage is the result of consuming too many fats. Fats build up in your artery walls, becoming plaque, and prevent the artery from carrying blood and oxygen successfully. Narrowing of the wall is a common result.

Signs Of Carotid Artery Blockage

Because a blocked blood vessel prevents oxygen and blood from flowing correctly and freely as it would in normal vessels, you might feel lightheaded or dizzy off and on throughout the day.

You may also experience fatigue and have problems concentrating or thinking. Your doctor can perform the necessary tests to determine if you do, indeed, have a blockage, where it is, and how severe it is.

Keep in mind that you should talk with your doctor the moment you believe you have a serious issue. A blocked artery can eventually lead to you losing consciousness and experiencing numbness.

How A Stent Can Help

If your doctor determines that you need to have a stent inserted, it means that you need a stent inserted in a vessel to keep it open.

Carotid stent procedures are common and generally alleviate the symptoms you experienced before receiving the stent. Your doctor will insert a catheter, or tube, into your blood vessel. The catheter is threaded through the vessel to where the blockage is present and where the artery walls have become narrow.

The end of the catheter has a balloon on it that will be inflated to open the walls. Through this opening, the stent will be inserted, keeping the walls open so that oxygen and blood can again flow on its natural path through the vessel.

After Care

Following your doctor’s instructions on how to care for your stent after you have left the hospital is key to a quick and successful recovery.

You may be prescribed medications that will help prevent infection and something that will help ease the pain.

Return to work and your routine daily activities only after your doctor clears you to do so. You might feel a hundred percent better, but there could be other issues occurring that you are not aware.

Allow your doctor to examine you and permit you to return to your full function before you jump into any heavy activities, including work.

Document any of the following after your procedure.

  • Spikes in temperature
  • Shallow or labored breathing
  • Swelling or soreness at the site of the procedure
  • Unusual fatigue
  • Chest pains

Preventing Additional Blockages

The likelihood of you experiencing future blockages is high, given the fact that you have already had a blockage.

Your genetics, eating habits, and exercise level determines this as well. You should plan on eating less fats and getting a decent amount of exercise everyday.

Due to your previous blockage, you should speak with your doctor about routine visits to check for signs of any additional issues. If you start experiencing symptoms that align with the ones you observed before, do not delay in going to the doctor.

You should always seek medical advice if you feel like you have a serious medical issue. However, some of the signs of a carotid blockage are,

  • Dizziness
  • Loss of feeling
  • Fatigue

Your blockage may require a carotid stent to clear your vessel allowing blood and oxygen to freely flow as it did before. After your procedure, make sure to care for your stent by following all medical instructions your doctor gives you, taking your medication as prescribed, and adopting a healthy eating and exercising lifestyle.